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گردو کانادایی

گردو کانادایی

فروش گردو کانادایی در نهالستان اروم نهال . از ویژگی های بارز گردو کانادایی باردهی فوق العاده برای هر درخت حدود ۶۰ کیلو گردو می باشد . رشد این درخت به صورت نیمه کوتاه هست و در فواصل هشت در هشت در آرایش ۱۵۶ اصله در هکتار کشت می شود . جهت تهیه آن می توانید با مدیریت نهالستان در ارتباط باشید .

گردو یکی از مهم ترین میوه های خشک جهان و ایران است . میزان تولید گردو در جهان در سال ۲۰۱۲برابر ۴/۳ میلیون تن بوده که از ۹۹ هزار هکتار سطح زیر کشت بارور حاصل گردیده است. ایران با تولید ۲۲۳ هزار تن محصول گردو، جایگاه سوم جهانی را پس ا ز کشورهای چین و آمریکا به خود اختصاص داده است.
این مقدار محصول از سطح باروری به میزان ۱۰۰ هزار هکتار حاصل می گردد که از این نظر، ایران جایگاه چهارم جهانی را به خود اختصاص داده است.
گردو درختی چند منظوره ، با ارزش و با عمر باردهی بسیار طولانی (گاهی تا بیش از ۵۰۰ سال ) است و به دلیل سهولت در انبارداری و عمر انباری زیاد ( تا یکسال) و کیفیت بالای ارقام ایرانی امکان صادرات به کشورهای خارجی را داشته و در اکثر استانهای کشور قابل کشت و پرورش می باشد و در سالهای اخیر از سطح توسعه بالایی در میان محصولات سردسیری و خشک برخوردار بوده است.
بطور کلی باغات سنتی گردو دارای مسایل و مشکلاتی می باشند. هرس غیر صحیح و بذری بودن اکثر باغات و از جمله مشکلات این گونه باغات هستند. اما از این مهم تر وضعیت باغات قدیمی است که علاوه بر مسایل مذکور دارای بسیاری از مشکلات دیگر از جمله آبیاری سنتی ، طغیان آفات و بیماریها ، عملکرد پائین، بذری و غیر پیوندی بودن و نامرغوب بودن محصول می باشند.
مسایل فوق الذکر باعث شده است که متوسط عملکرد گردو ایران به ۲-۵/۱ تن در هکتار برسد این در حالی است که متوسط عملکرد گردو در کشورهای پیشرو به حدود ۱۰-۵ تن در هکتار می رسد. مضافا” دراین گونه باغات امکان انجام مکانیزاسیون در کلیه مراحل کاشت ، داشت و برداشت را نیز فراهم نموده اند . همه این مسایل منجر به افزایش متوسط هزینه های تولید در ایران از یک سوی و کاهش محصول از سوی دیگر شده است که نتیجتاً امکان رقابت را برای تولید گردو در سایرکشورها را با مشکل روبرو ساخته است .
اصلاح و احیاء باغات موجود ضرورتی اجتناب ناپذیر در صنعت گردو کاری ایران میباشد. دستور العمل اصلاح و احیاء باغات به منظور انجام عملیاتی در باغ تدوین شده که هدف از آن افزایش کمی و کیفی محصول گردو در باغات کشور می باشد و امید است با انجام این اقدامات ، گامی در راستای افزایش درآمد باغداران برداشته شود.

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